- Every Vote Should Count…
- Should We Make Voting A Privilege and Not An Obligation
- Pass A Basic Level Of Political Literacy
- Vote Accurately on Issues Not Personalities
1 - Every Vote Should Count…According to the AEC as of 12.20pm Sunday 3rd July, 4.5% of voters for the House of Representatives & 6.1% of voters for the Senate voted INFORMALLY. That means that they did cast a vote in such a way that their vote can even be registered. Moreover, given that the previous government voted in changes to how voting was to be done in 2016, there was also some significant misunderstanding at the polling booths. For example, there were reported cases of polling booth officials saying: "You need to number six boxes above the line, or 12 boxes below”. The problem with that is that the words “at least” were missing.
- number at least six boxes above the line for the parties or groups of your choice, or
- number at least 12 boxes below the line for individual candidates of your choice. http://www.aec.gov.au
A POSSIBLE SOLUTION:Move into the 21st Century and create a secure online voting platform. This would make voting easier, faster and potentially more reliable than the old paper-based system. Additionally, online tutorials could be provided, so that there was no confusion come polling day.
2- Should We Make Voting A Privilege and Not An ObligationA further 6.0% of voters eligible to vote in the election did not even register to vote.
|Size of the electoral roll and enrolment rate as at 31 March 2016|
|Electors enrolled||Eligible Australians||Proportion of eligible Australians enrolled||Estimated 'missing' from the electoral roll|
|15 468 329||16 447 262||94.0%||978 933|
A POSSIBLE SOLUTION:Move to a voluntary voting system. Democracy is not a perfect system and there is no way to fix this issue except by getting people voluntarily interested in the issues and in voting. Being forced to vote if you have no interest in it cannot lead to better outcomes because they make the election result completely random rather than balanced by those people who are actually interested in the issues. You can't have a people's government if the people don't care. Of course, the risk is that so few people choose to vote that it leads to motivated fringe groups, vested interest groups, or parties that would otherwise not get up, gaining positions in government.
3 - Pass A Basic Level Of Political LiteracyI don’t know what the exact figure is, (but I would think it is scarily large) but I would argue that most Australians didn’t even know what they were voting for on polling day. Let me expand on this bold claim, and I don’t mean to offend anyone, but I would very much doubt if the majority of Australians even understands exactly how the Australian Parliament Works. In fact, why don’t we do an informal poll of our own to test my hypothesis? (Answers will be at the end!)
Q1. What are the 2 houses of parliament called?
Q2. What is the function of each house?
Q3. What is a double dissolution? Why was a DD called in 2016?
Q4. How are preferences calculated?
Q5. What are the terms of office for the Senate & House of Representatives respectively?How did you do? How do you think your friends and family members would have gone with these 5 fairly basic questions?
A POSSIBLE SOLUTION:If we moved to the online system outlined above, it could also become mandatory that you need to be able to pass a basic test, or become a licence holder, before you can cast your vote. Under a licencing system, you might only need to resit the exam once every 2 or 3 elections, or every 5-10 years for example.
4 - Vote Accurately on Issues Not PersonalitiesIn the absence of an informed and considered understanding of exactly how the system works, or the issues and facts at play, people will make decisions on either: - A popularity contest? I.e which leader is more popular, believable or trustworthy? or - On the one or two issues that are important to them right now. For example, a Sky News Exit Poll reported the following:
72% of respondents rated Health & Medicare as very important issues in deciding their vote,
63% of respondents rated Education as very important issues in deciding their vote,
51% of respondents rated Economic Management as very important issues in deciding their vote,
37% of respondents rated Superannuation Changes as very important issues in deciding their vote,
27% of respondents rated Negative Gearing as very important issues in deciding their vote, &
26% of respondents rated Company Tax Cuts as very important issues in deciding their vote.Given that Health & Medicare rated so highly the 2016 Labor “Mediscare” campaign (which was based on at best dubious claims, and at worst on downright lies) was likely to have been a significant factor in the outcome of the election. So as a nation do we really want our sitting members elected off the back of who is either better looking, more popular or more likeable, or on unfounded claims, half-truths, and misunderstandings?
It is really only a 2 horse race… and those horses are old, slow and perhaps best guided towards the knackery!Australia’s lower house (where a government is formed) is really a two-party preferred system, where, by and large, we have 2 competing ideologies that often hinder not help progress Australia’s agenda. In fact, it could be argued that the job of a politician (and the many vested interests behind them) is not to make the country better, but to get either elected or re-elected. This can lead to voter fatigue and a sense that democracy is failing them. That is why I think we are going to see the Senate continue to throw up some odd curve balls as voters seek to have a variety of voices heard beyond those of just the 2 major parties.
A POSSIBLE SOLUTION:How about this for a different idea. Work out what portfolios a government should have. For example, Prime minister, Deputy, Treasurer, Infrastructure Minister, Health Minister etc. and then Australians vote in the best person for that job. Not some career politician, who may or may not have any special skills or experience for any particular portfolio. Once each of the elected official(s) for each portfolio is/are elected, we then have online referendums for any major issues. That way Australians can have their voice heard based around, a particular issue, not on what the policy of the ruling party is currently. For example, I know that I support some, but not all, of the policies of the major parties and some of the minor parties from time to time.
ANSWERS TO OUR INFORMAL POLL
- What are the 2 houses of parliament called?
- voters are required to place the number “1” against the candidate of their choice, known as their first preference.
- voters are then required to place the numbers “2”, “3”, etc., against the other candidates listed on the ballot paper in order of preference.
- the counting of first preference votes, also known as the primary vote, takes place first. If no candidate secures an absolute majority – 50% plus 1 – of primary votes, then the candidate with the least number of votes is “eliminated” from the count.
- the ballot papers of the eliminated candidate are examined and re-allocated amongst the remaining candidates according to the number “2”, or second preference votes.
- if no candidate has yet secured an absolute majority of the vote, then the next candidate with the least number of primary votes is eliminated. This preference allocation continues until there is a candidate with an absolute majority. Where a second preference is expressed for a candidate who has already been eliminated, the voter’s third or subsequent preferences are used.
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